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End Notes (A. Follett, 140 Years of Introductions)

[1] Edward J. Cowan and Mike Paterson, Folk in Print: Scotland’s Chapbook Heritage 1750-1850 (Edinburgh: John Donald, 2007), 8, 11, 12, 32.; William Harvey, Scottish Chapbook Literature (New York, Burt Franklin, 1903), 7, 25.; Bruce Lenman, Enlightenment and Change: Scotland 1746-1832 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009), 3.; G. Ross Roy, “Some Notes on Scottish Chapbooks,” University of South Carolina. Previously published as “Some Notes on Scottish Chapbooks,” Scottish Literary Journal 1, (1974): 50-60.

[2] Cowan and Paterson, Folk in Print, 11.

[3] Ibid., 22, 24-31, 33, 40.

[4] Ibid., Back Cover.

[5] Ibid., 12-13.

[6] Ibid., 5-6.

[7] For a recent publication by Cowan’s that addresses Scottish chapbooks see Edward J. Cowan, “Alexander McLaughlan: The ‘Robert Burns’ of Canada,” in Robert Burns & Friends: Essays by W. Ormiston Roy Fellows Presented to G. Ross Roy (Create Space, 2012).

[8] John Fraser, The Humorous Chap-Books of Scotland Vol 1. (New York, Henry L. Hinton, 1873), 13-102.

[9] Fraser, The Humorous Chap-Book s Vol 1, 103-136.

[10] John Fraser, The Humorous Chap-Books of Scotland. Vol 2. (New York, Henry L. Hinton, 1873), 156-288.

[11] Fraser, The Humorous Chap-Books Vol. 1., 5,7,8.

[12] Ibid., 7.

[13] Ibid., 11.

[14] Ibid., 4-5. For contemporary studies that draw similar conclusions, see Alexander Fenton, “The People Below: Dougal Graham’s Chapbooks as a Mirror of the Lower Classes in Eighteenth Century Scotland,” in A Day Estivall: Essays on the Music, Poetry and History of Scotland and England & Poems Previously Unpublished, eds Alisoun Gardner-Medwin and Janet Hadley Williams (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1990), 69-80.; and Cowan and Paterson, Folk in Print., 11-12.

[15] Fenton, “The People Below,” 69-80. 

[16] Dougal Graham, The Collected Writings of Dougal Graham, "Skellat" Bellman of Glasgow Vol 1. Ed. George MacGregor (Glasgow: Morrison, 1883). 5-269.; Dougal Graham, The Collected Writings of Dougal Graham, “Skellat” Bellman of Glasgo Vol 2. Ed. George MacGregor (Glasgow: Morrison, 1883)., 7-277.

[17] William Cameron, Hawkie: The Autobiography of a Gangrel, Ed. John Strathesk (Glasgow: David Robertson, 1888)., 90-97.

[18] Iain Hutchison, “Hawkie,” The Glasgow Story, 2004.

[19] Harvey, Scottish Chapbook, 151-152.

[20] Ibid., 12.

[21] Ibid., 2, 7.

[22] Ibid., 17, 25.

[23] Ibid., 38.

[24] James Cameron Ewing, Brash and Reid Booksellers in Glasgow and Their Collection of Poetry Original and Selected (Glasgow: Robert MacLehose, 1934)., 2, 4, 6-7. A print copy of this article is available at The University of Guelph.

[25] Leslie Shepard, The History of Street Literature: The Story of Broadside Ballads, Chapbooks, Proclamations, News-Sheets, Election Bills, Tracts, Pamphlets, Cocks, Catchpennies, and other Ephemera (Detroit: Singing Tree Press, 1973)., 7,9, 91-97

[26] Leslie Shepard, The History of, 235-237.

[27] Roy “Some Notes.”

[28] Ibid.,

[29] Ibid.,

[30] See studies by Leslie Shepard, Victor E. Neuburg, and Andrew O’Malley.

[31] Roy “Some Notes.”

[32] Adam McNaughtan, “A Century of Saltmarket Literature, 1790-1890,” in Six Centuries of the Provincial Book Trade in Britain, ed. Peter Isaac (Winchester: St. Paul’s Bibliographies, 1990).

[33] Cowan and Paterson, Folk in Print,

[34] G. Ross Roy, “The Brash and Reid Editions of `Tam o’ Shanter,’”Burns Chronicle 98, (1989): 38-44.; In 1992 Roy publishes “Robert Burns and the Brash and Reid chapbooks of Glasgow,” in Literatur-im-Kontext-Literature in Context: Festschrift für Horst W. Drescher, ed. Joachim Schwend, Suzanne Hagemann, and Hermann Völkel (Frankfurt-am-Main: Peter Lang, 1992), 53-69.

[35] Fenton, “The People Below,” 69-79.

[36] McNaughtan, “A Century of,” 165-166, 176-177.

[37] John Morris, “Scottish Ballads and Chapbooks,” in Images & Texts: Their Production and Distribution in the 18th and 19th Centuries, ed. Peter Isaac and Barry McKay (Winchester: St. Paul’s Bibliographies, 1997), 89-111. John Morris “Chapbooks and Ballads” in Scottish life and Society: Oral Performance and Culture, ed. John Beech et al. (Edinburgh: John Donald, 2007), 260-378.

[38] David Buchanan, “Scott Squashed: Chapbook Versions of The Heart of Midlothian,” Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net 56, (2009).

[39] R.A Houston, Review of “Folk in Print: Scotland’s Chapbook heritage, 1750-1850,” The Scottish Historical Review 88, no. 1 (2009).

[40] For O’Malley’s recent work on chapbooks see Andrew O’Malley, Children’s Literature, Popular Culture, and Robinson Crusoe (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012).

[41] Houston, “Folk in Print,” 182-183.

[42] Roger Chartier, “Culture as Appropriation: Popular Cultural Uses in Early Modern France,” in Understanding Popular Culture: Europe from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century, ed. Steven Kaplan (New York: Mounton Publishers, 1984), 232-233.

[43] Chartier, “Culture as,” 234.

[44] “Scottish Book Trade Index (SBTI)," National Library of Scotland, 2012.